Specifically, pioneers who broke barriers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
Maleficent as Mary W. Jackson
Mary Jackson was an African-American mathematician and aerospace engineer who worked for NASA. She started as a 'computer' in the West Area Computing Division and proceeded to earn degree as an engineer. She became NASA's first black female engineer in 1958. She along with Katherine Johnson and Dorothy Vaughan and many others, worked for Project Mercury during the Space Race. This story is told in movie Hidden Figures in which Mary is portrayed by Janelle Monáe.
Slay a bit, Mary!
Third Ward Trill as Katherine G. Johnson
Katherine Johnson is an African-American physicist and mathematician who started to work as a human computer for NASA (NACA) in 1953. Johnson calculated ie. the trajectories, launch windows and emergency back-up return paths for NASA during their prominent space missions: Project Mercury, Apollo 11 moon landing, and later the Space Shuttle program. Johnson was known for her accurate calculations. In fact, astronaut John Glenn trusted her calculations so much that he wanted her to recheck the calculations made by electronic computers! This was before his flight as a first American to orbit the Earth.
Here's to mathematical genius, Katherine!
SailorVenus as Dorothy Vaughan
Dorothy Vaughan was an African-American mathematician and NASA's first African-American supervisor. As the previous ladies, Dorothy too, started her career as a 'computer' for NASA (NACA), in 1943. She became acting head of West Area Computing Division (an all African-American women unit) in 1949 being the only black supervisor and one of the few women supervisors, but it took years before she was officially made as supervisor/manager. She started to prepare for NASA's transition from human computers, to electronic computers, by teaching herself, and then her co-workers the programming language FORTRAN. She also contributed to the Scout Launch Vehicle Program.
Slay a bit, Dorothy!
Angela Merkel as Lise Meitner
Lise Meitner was an Austrian physicist who worked on nuclear physics and radioactivity. She studied physics in University of Vienna and earned her PhD physics in 1906. She spent most of scientific career in Berlin, Germany, working with her long-time collaborator, chemist Otto Hahn. Meitner was the first woman Physics Professor in Germany and she worked as a department head of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry. She and Otto Hahn led the scientific group who discovered nuclear fission of uranium, in 1939. There's controversy about the subsequent Nobel Prize in Chemistry awarded only to Otto Hahn, Meitner excluded. Regardless, Meitner got numerous honorary doctorates by universities in the United States and Europe as well as the Enrico Fermi Prize.
To genius physicist, Lise!
p. Lo as Ada Lovelace
Ada Lovelace was an English mathematician and "world's first computer programmer". She was born in 1815, and studied maths and logic out of a deep personal interest. Ada is most known for her work on Charles Babbage's proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. She was the first to recognise that the machine had applications beyond pure calculation, and created the first algorithm intended to be carried out by such a machine. Nowadays there's a celebrational day in her honor. Ada Lovelace Day celebrates the achievements of women in science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM).
Raven as Margaret H. Hamilton
Margaret Hamilton standing next to code of the Apollo 11.^^
Margaret Hamilton is an American computer scientist, systems engineer and CEO of Hamilton Technologies, Inc. She worked as a lead engineer of the on-board flight sofware for the Apollo Program, developed by MIT Instrumentation Laboratory. She and her team had to invent the code in a time where software engineering wasn't invented yet and Hamilton actually coined the term, "software engineering". Their -hers in the forefront- flight software for the Apollo 11 enabled it to land on the moon in 1969.
Good job, Miss M!
Prince Oberyn as Grace M. Hopper
Grace M. Hopper was an American computer scientist and an United States Navy rear admiral. In 1944, she was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer and invented the first compiler for a computer programming language. Hopper popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages. One of the first high-level programming languages, COBOL is based mostly on Hopper's insights.
Obama approves Miss Hopper!
czr187 as Barbara McClintock
Barbara McClintock was an American scientist and ground-breaking geneticist. She's most known for her work in cytogenetics, specifically the genetic structure of maize. She produced the first genetic map for maize, linking regions of the chromosome to physical traits. She demonstrated the role of the telomere and centromere, regions of the chromosome that are important in the conservation of genetic information. She was recognized among the best in the field, awarded prestigious fellowships, and elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1944. She received the highest scientific honor, Nobel Price in Physiology or Medicine, for discovery of genetic transposition.
YAS, Barbara, yas!
Leonard Hofstadter as Dr. Chien-Shiung Wu
Chien-Shiung Wu was an American-Chinese experimental physicist. She was in her 30s when her work in nuclear fission attracted the attention of the United States government during World War II. Wu was recruited to work on the Manhattan Project at Columbia University in New York City. At the end of the war, she remained at Columbia as a research scientist. Dr. Wu is most known for disproving a "law of nature" known as "The Law of Conservation of Parity." She conducted an experiment, called the "Wu Experiment" and her discovery shattered a fundamental concept of nuclear physics that had been accepted for over 30 years.
Impressive, Miss Wu!
La Stupenda as Dame Stephanie 'Steve' Shirley
Stephanie "Steve" Shirley is British IT pioneer, businesswoman and philanthropist. She arrived in Britain as a Kindertransport child in 1939. “I think my ‘guilt’ about surviving the Holocaust gave me a strong urge to succeed,” she has said, “to prove that my life had been worth saving.” She took a maths degree at night school and founded her software house, Freelance Programmers, from her dining room table in 1962. She wanted to be able to work while raising her family, and was determined to help other women do the same. Shirley only employed female programmers until 1975, when the Equal Opportunities Act meant she had to open up applications to men. Company she founded, Xansa, sold software in areas including banking, transport and telecoms.
[mention]p.Lo[/mention] [mention]Angela Merkel[/mention] [mention]Maleficent[/mention] [mention]SailorVenus[/mention] [mention]czr187[/mention] [mention]Third Ward Trill[/mention] [mention]Prince Oberyn[/mention]